Secretary of State

Advise the President of the United States on foreign policy.
picture of Secretary of State

Quick Stats


Outlook
Good

Salary Range
~ $165,000

Data from U.S. Department of Labor


What do Secretary of States do?

The Secretary of State oversees a variety of high-level operations for a state or the country. They’re elected by voters at the state level, or appointed by the President Of The United States at the federal level, to monitor and direct services that impact everyone.

As the Secretary of State, you work with the Governor, the President, and Department Directors to ensure that federal and state laws are followed. Your background in human resource management, communications, election law, international business, and foreign affairs prepares you for a variety of tasks.

For example, as Secretary of State at the state level, you oversee election operations. Your top priority is ensuring that all registered voters have the opportunity to cast their ballot in an election. You supervise a staff of thousands as election preparations are made, from securing voting equipment to interpreting election laws.

At the federal level, you provide advice and guidance to the President of the United States on foreign and domestic relations. For example, while the Secretary of State does not hold official power with the military, the President looks to you for advice on potential military actions. When the armed forces are considering action against a foreign country, the President expects you to provide insight on the possible ramifications. The position holds great power but comes with considerable stress, making critical thinking and conflict resolution skills mandatory.

Whether working at the state or federal level, you must be able to think on your feet, make informed decisions, and defend your actions when necessary.


Should I be a Secretary of State?

You should have a bachelor's degree or higher and share these traits:
  • Trustworthy: You are known for your personal integrity and honesty.
  • Ready for a Challenge: You jump into new projects with initiative and drive.
  • Reliable: You can always be counted on to do a good job.

  • Also known as: Financial Secretary

    How to become a Secretary of State

    Most Secretary of States have a Bachelor's degree. Chart?chd=s:aca9yh&chl=|certificate+%283%25%29||bachelor%27s+%2864%25%29|master%27s+%2825%25%29|doctorate+%288%25%29&cht=p3&chs=466x180&chxr=0,0,64
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