Grain Farmer

Cultivate and sell crops such as wheat, rice, and corn.
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Quick Stats

Salary Range
$29,000 – $107,000

Data from U.S. Department of Labor

What do Grain Farmers do?

Just like any other type of Farmer, a Grain Farmer plants and harvests crops. As a Grain Farmer, you pay close attention to weather patterns, harvest time, and water shortages. And you market your crops, making sure you sell them at the highest rate. The difference between a Grain Farmer and other Farmers is you do all of these things focusing solely on grains.

Wheat, corn, rye, rice, soy, and barley are the most common grains grown in the U.S., but you can choose from tons of other options. Most Grain Farmers pick one or two crops to specialize in. Not only does this make it easier to grow the plant, but it also lets you grow enough to actually make money off of it. The grains you grow are used for food for animals or people. They’re a major ingredient in many products, including flour, alcohol, and cereals. Some of them are even used to make biofuel.

Each crop you plant needs its own growth strategy. You look at things like growing season, how deep to plant sprouts, and how much water it needs. You alternate plants so you’ll have crops all year round. For example, you plant barley in summer and then rye in winter.

Using pesticides, you protect growing plants from insects and diseases. And after harvesting, you sell your grain on the market. Since your crop doesn’t go bad as quickly as fruits or vegetables, you have the unique option to hold onto your product, keeping it in silos if the market price is too low to sell at.

Should I be a Grain Farmer?

You should have a bachelor's degree or higher and share these traits:
  • Detail Oriented: You pay close attention to all the little details.
  • Ready for a Challenge: You jump into new projects with initiative and drive.
  • Reliable: You can always be counted on to do a good job.

  • Also known as: Crop, Grain, or Livestock Farmer

    How to become a Grain Farmer

    We recommend at least a Bachelor's degree. Check out these schools offering Grain Farmer-related education!
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